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Pendidikan Kaum Tertindas: A Critical Reflection on Paulo Freire's Educational Philosophy

Pendidikan Kaum Tertindas: A Critical Reflection on Paulo Freire's Educational Philosophy

Pendidikan Kaum Tertindas (Education of the Oppressed) is a book by Paulo Freire, a Brazilian educator and philosopher who is widely regarded as one of the most influential thinkers in the field of critical pedagogy. The book was first published in Portuguese in 1968 and translated into English in 1970. It has been widely read and discussed by educators, activists, students, and scholars around the world.

The book presents Freire's theory of education as a practice of freedom, which aims to liberate the oppressed from the domination of the oppressors through a dialogical and problem-posing approach. Freire criticizes the traditional "banking" model of education, which treats students as passive recipients of knowledge deposited by teachers. He argues that this model reinforces the existing social and economic inequalities and prevents the development of critical consciousness among the learners.

pendidikan kaum tertindas pdf download


Instead, Freire proposes an alternative model of education that is based on dialogue, praxis, and conscientization. Dialogue is a communication process that involves mutual respect, trust, and cooperation between educators and learners. Praxis is a cycle of action and reflection that enables learners to transform their reality through collective action. Conscientization is a process of awakening to the social, political, and economic realities that shape one's life and developing a critical awareness of one's role in changing them.

Pendidikan Kaum Tertindas is not only a book about education, but also a book about liberation, humanization, and democracy. It challenges us to rethink our assumptions about teaching and learning, power and oppression, culture and society. It invites us to engage in a dialogue with ourselves, with others, and with the world. It inspires us to act as agents of change and hope.

If you are interested in reading Pendidikan Kaum Tertindas by Paulo Freire, you can download it for free from various online sources[^1^] [^2^] [^3^]. You can also find more information about Freire's life and work from academic articles , books , and websites .

Paulo Freire's Life and Work

Paulo Freire was born in 1921 in Recife, Brazil, to a middle-class family. He experienced poverty and hunger during the Great Depression, which affected his education and health. He studied law and philosophy at the University of Recife, but his passion was for teaching and learning. He began his career as a secondary school teacher and later became a professor of history and philosophy of education at the same university.

In 1947, Freire started working with adult illiterates in the rural areas of northeastern Brazil, where he developed his innovative method of literacy education. He based his method on the principles of dialogue, respect, and problem-solving, rather than on memorization and repetition. He also linked literacy to social and political awareness, or conscientization, which aimed to empower the learners to challenge the oppressive structures and practices in their society.

Freire's work gained national and international recognition, and he was appointed as the director of the National Literacy Program by the Brazilian government in 1963. However, his work was interrupted by the military coup of 1964, which accused him of being a subversive and a communist. Freire was arrested and exiled for 16 years. He lived and worked in several countries, including Chile, the United States, Switzerland, and Guinea-Bissau. He continued to write and publish influential books, such as Pedagogy of the Oppressed (1968), Education for Critical Consciousness (1973), Pedagogy in Process (1978), and Pedagogy of Hope (1992).

Freire returned to Brazil in 1979, after the end of the military dictatorship. He joined the Workers' Party (PT) and became involved in various educational and social projects. He was appointed as the Secretary of Education of SÃo Paulo in 1989, where he implemented several reforms based on his pedagogical philosophy. He also received numerous honorary degrees and awards from various institutions and organizations around the world. He died in 1997 in SÃo Paulo, leaving behind a legacy of inspiration and transformation for educators and learners everywhere. 0efd9a6b88


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